Basics of solar water pumping system

Parts of a solar water pumping system

  1. Solar PV panel
  2. One of the following motor-pump sets compatible with the photovoltaic array:
  3. surface mounted centrifugal pump set
  4. submersible pump set
  5. floating pump set
  6. Submersible pump set
  7. Pipes

Working of a solar water pumping system

The system operates on power generated using solar PV (photovoltaic) system. The photovoltaic array converts the solar energy into electricity, which is used for running the motor pump set. The pumping system draws water from the open well, bore well, stream, pond, canal etc. The system requires a shadow-free area for installation of the Solar panel.

Utility

A system with 1800 watt PV array capacity and 2 HP pump can give a water discharge of 1.4 lakh litres per day from a depth of 6 to 7 meters. This quantity of water is considered adequate for irrigating about 5-8 acres of land holding for several crops.

Approximate Cost

Capacity of SPV system Total Head (Suction & delivery) in m Solar PV (watt) Cost (Rs)
2 HP (surface pump) 10 1800 2,90,000
4.6 HP (submersible pump) 30 4800 7,15,000

Advantages of a solar water pumping system

  • No fuel cost – as it uses available free sun light
  • No electricity required
  • Long operating life
  • Highly reliable and durable
  • Easy to operate and maintain
  • Eco-friendly

GNFS Deliverable

  • Site survey and layout planning.
  • Preparation of Project Report for MNRE subsidy sanction
  • Design, Development and Supply of the Solar water pumping System.
  • Transportation of the Solar water pumping System till the site.
  • Installation and Commissioning of the Solar water pumping system.
  • Testing of the solar water pumping system and handing over the same to client.
  • Training of client on various aspects of operations and maintenance of the Solar water pumping system.
  • Providing standard comprehensive warranty for one year.
  • Facilitation of stipulated warranties on modules and controller.
  • AMC will include 1 visit every quarter by trained engineer from Gautam Solar. The engineer shall carry out following functions:
    • Check all wiring
    • Check controller functioning
    • Check functioning of modules
    • Arrange to get modules cleaned in his presence (manpower to be provided by client) and guide the cleaning staff.

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